Syngenta Seed Program Weathers Storm in Puerto Rico
The sheer determination with which Cortés and her colleagues approached the prehurricane harvest conveys the significance of seeds research and development (R&D) activities conducted in Puerto Rico. For 35 years, this island territory has been a critical link in the life cycle of biotech crops.
Much of the hybrid seed planted throughout the world has, at some permutation during its development, been planted and harvested in Puerto Rico’s continuous nurseries. The three Syngenta research farms in Puerto Rico are integral to bringing new corn hybrids and soybean varieties to growers throughout the Midwest.
“Puerto Rico is, in many cases, the first and most important location for the development of new crops,” Cortés says. So when Hurricane Maria pummelled the island in September 2017—a critical time between growing seasons—the stakes were high.
click to tweet
Thanks to a climate that can accommodate 52 weeks of planting and harvesting each year, Puerto Rico is an ideal environment for seeds R&D protocols. In fact, more than 85 percent of the commercial biotech seeds throughout the world pass through Puerto Rico, says Beatriz Carrión, executive director of the Puerto Rico Agricultural Biotechnology Industry Association (PRABIA).
Conducting seed R&D activities in Puerto Rico yields a more efficient plant breeding program, with a significantly expedited development timeline. There, researchers can use data from crops harvested in the fall to develop new hybrid and variety combinations that may be planted as early as the following spring.
The three research farms Syngenta operates in Puerto Rico—one in Salinas and two in Juana Díaz—support the robust Syngenta global breeding program for various crops, primarily corn and soybeans.
“Our operations in Puerto Rico are critical to the success of the Syngenta soybean breeding program,” says José Aponte-Rivera, head of soybean breeding in North America at Syngenta. “Taking Puerto Rico out of the equation would result in a delay of two to three years for the development of a new soybean variety.”
Just as Puerto Rico is integral to the productivity of the seed industry, the industry is an important contributor to the economic success of Puerto Rico. A PRABIA-commissioned economic impact study released in March 2018 reported that the ag biotech industry’s operations in Puerto Rico represent more than $65 million in net benefits for the local economy. And, as Carrión notes, that’s a conservative number.
“When you consider the inter-industry multiplier effect, we’re looking at a true benefit of nearly $135 million,” she says.
View Photo Gallery
Preparations and Recovery
Weeks prior to Hurricane Maria, the island braced for Hurricane Irma, which aside from widespread power outages, left Puerto Rico relatively unscathed. Hurricane Maria, however, would prove different.
“It quickly went from ‘thoughts and prayers’ to actively preparing for a disaster,” says David Flakne, senior director of state affairs at Syngenta, who monitored the storm’s progress stateside.
As Hurricane Maria became increasingly imminent, Cortés mobilized her team, securing structures and harvesting plant material. In consultation with Aponte-Rivera, she also postponed planting of the next scheduled crop. “I knew what we needed to do,” she says. “Safety came first, but we also wanted to preserve as much plant material as possible.”
When the National Weather Service issued its first official hurricane watch on Monday, Sept. 18, Cortés immediately activated the company’s emergency plan, dismissed employees and made one final trip to the grocery store—which entailed a three-hour wait in the checkout line, before going home to hunker down. The hurricane reached landfall two days later.
The Immediate Aftermath
What happened next dominated the news globally, accompanied by images of buildings blown apart, landscapes stripped of vegetation and downed power lines. The Syngenta facilities, which had benefited from a $6 million building investment project, completed in early 2017, experienced flooding. Structural damage also resulted in some destroyed plant genetic material. But in the midst of the devastation in surrounding communities on the southern part of the Island, Cortés counted her blessings.
More difficult to count were employees in the days following the event. Hampered by a debilitated communication infrastructure, it took nearly two weeks to account for Puerto Rico-based Syngenta employees, three of whom had lost their homes.
Meanwhile, in Wisconsin, Flakne embarked on the assignment of a lifetime: helping lead relief efforts. Empowered by the Syngenta management team and supported by a logistical dream team of Syngenta employees, representing a diverse cross-section of departments and functions, Flakne and the stateside team led efforts and organized two airlifts of emergency supplies to Puerto Rico in the weeks following the hurricane.
The first airlift, a joint effort with another agribusiness, delivered generators for the Syngenta facilities and all full-time Syngenta employees on the island, as well as satellite phones to help alleviate the communication issues. The second airlift was a 747 cargo jet charter containing 220,000 pounds of food, water and household goods, including 80,000 pounds of baby food and V8 juices from The Campbell Soup Company, which donated to the Syngenta airlift without hesitation, Flakne says.
The Long-Term Outlook
Within mere weeks of the hurricane, Syngenta was up and running, with new seedlings in the ground by mid-October. While operations weren’t back to normal—that would take many months—the team was able to get its work done and navigate lingering challenges, including the scarcity of seasonal workers who had previously supported operations at key times throughout the year.
“At Syngenta, the core of our business is about feeding the world. Helping provide food to the citizens of Puerto Rico was a very tangible way of demonstrating this commitment.”
Many of these seasonal workers had joined the post-hurricane exodus to the mainland and were no longer available. For Cortés, that has meant casting a wider net to bring in the nearly 500 seasonal workers needed. Increased training has been imperative to bring workers with little-to-no ag experience up to speed.
For Flakne, the relief efforts brought to light the true character of Syngenta. In addition to organizing the charters, Syngenta contributed $200,000 to the Food Bank of Puerto Rico, which helped organize a series of food drives in which Syngenta employees, the local mayors and other community leaders participated. These desperately needed supplies were distributed in the communities near Syngenta facilities on the south side of the island throughout the remainder of 2017.
“Partnering with the Food Bank of Puerto Rico was such a natural fit,” Flakne says. “At Syngenta, the core of our business is about feeding the world. Helping provide food to the citizens of Puerto Rico was a very tangible way of demonstrating this commitment.”
Syngenta Helps Bees in Puerto Rico in Aftermath of Storm
For the pollinators that had lost their food and forage sources, help came in the form of pollen-replacing protein patties and beehives.